The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) in the year 2015. This Scheme was further extended in the year 2016. The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme was to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. A component for assessment and certification of individuals with prior learning experience or skills was also introduced under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme. So far, more than 6 lakh individuals have been RPL certified under PMKVY Scheme.
Recogonition of Prior Learning commonly known as RPL largely refers to an assessment process used to evaluate a person’s existing skill sets, knowledge and experience gained either by formal, non-formal or informal learning. RPL under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) 2016-20 primarily has threefold objectives…
PROCESS OF RPL
The proposing entity under RPL is referred to as the Project Implementing Agency (PIA). Additionally, individual entities may be on-boarded by the PIA for conduct for various on-ground activities such as mobilization (Mobilization Agency), counselling, pre-screening and orientation delivery (RPL Facilitator Organization). RPL extends to 2000+ job roles aligned to NSQF provided these are QRC and NSQC approved.
RPL under PMKVY involves a 5 step process
Project Implementing Agency:
PIA can be any legal entity such as SSC, Industry Association, Training Partner, Government Body, NGO and Corporate, except Assessment Agency.
RPL Candidate: RPL is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who,
- On the date of enrolment, fits the minimum age criteria as per the Qualification Pack (QP) requirements
- Possesses an Aadhaar Card [verifiable alternate IDs, such as PAN or Voter ID may be applicable for Jammu & / Kashmir (J&K) and certain states in the North-East Region] and a bank account, and
- Fits the pre-screening criteria defined by SSC for the respective job role
RPL under PMKVY can be implemented via four modes; viz. RPL at Camps, RPL at Employer’s Premise, RPL at Centres and RPL with Best in Class Employers. Process of implementation largely remains the same in all four modes.
RPL at Camps: PIA targets a particular location where a certain group/ cluster of candidates with particular skill set are consolidated. These can be industrial or traditional clusters. Ceiling amount of pay-out to PIA is INR1700 per candidate.
RPL at Employer’s Premise: RPL of already employed candidates is majorly conducted at the employer’s premise in this mode. The PIA may partner with an employer wherein it may choose to mobilize already employed candidates (either on permanent or contractual terms of the employer) or engage potential job seekers in that industry. Ceiling amount of pay-out to PIA is INR1400 per candidate.
RPL at Centres: RPL is conducted at designated training centres. This delivery channel is more suitable for candidates who are desirous of participating under RPL during weekends. RPL at Centres acts as an effective way to function as a walk-in centre for obtaining RPL certification. A pilot was conducted under PMKVY wherein targets were approved to PIAs to conduct RPL in approved PMKKs (Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras). Ceiling amount of pay-out to PIA is INR1600 per candidate.
RPL with Best in Class Employers: This mode of RPL focuses on flexible and direct collaboration with top reputed employers in different sectors through Sector Skill Councils. Sector Skill Council functions as Project Implementing Agency in this mode. The aim is to put the top employer in the center of the activities, and extend the NSQF certification to the large uncertified workforce existing across employers in various sectors. The proposed projects in this mode looks to utilize Top chef/ Departmental Head/ Supervisors/Workshop Managers/Senior Supervisors/Master Trainers of employers as ‘Employer Assessor’. It is required that these undergo orientation on assessment by SSC as per NSQF standards. RPL in this mode intends to encourage organized sectors of the economy, and bring more objectivity by favouring online methods of assessments (preferable). Pay-out to PIA in this mode is INR500/ 800, as per guidelines. No pay-out to employer is proposed.
- No fee is charged from a candidate for participating in the RPL program
- RPL recognizes the value of learning acquired outside a formal setting and provides a government certificate for an individual’s skills
- Every successfully certified candidate receives INR 500
- Candidate receive exposure to concepts of digital and financial literacy
- Candidate receive an accidental insurance coverage for three years at free of cost